Activities

 
  • Production and distribution of genetically pure quality seeds to the farming community to supplement the efforts of the Government and other agencies.
  • Production and distribution of Biofertilizers. The application of biofertilizers reduces the cost of cultivation, usage of chemical fertilizers and minimizes soil pollution and saves the eco system.

Association Activities

Meetings of the Council

 

The Members of the Council of Administration of the Association met four times at Coimbatore.

Membership in the Association

 

There were 442 member mills as on March 31, 2015. The State-wise break-up of member mills are given below:

S.No.

State

No. of Mills

1. Tamil Nadu 324
2. Andhra Pradesh 77
3. Karnataka 11
4. Kerala 16
5. Puducherry 4
6. Other States 10
  Total 442

Enhancing soil fertility:

 

The application of biorich and vermicompost reduces the cost of cultivation, usage of chemical fertilizers, minimizes soil pollution, saves the eco system and increases the crop productivity.

SIMA CD & RA have eight project sub-centres to cater to the needs of cotton farming community and nine project officers placed in the sub centres, as per details given below:

S.No.

Centres

District/State

1. Udumalpet Tirupur/Tamil Nadu
2. Konganapuram Salem/Tamil Nadu
3. Kumbakonam Thanjavur/Tamil Nadu
4. Villupuram Villupuram/Tamil Nadu
5. Rajapalayam Virudhunagar/Tamil Nadu
6. Guntur Guntur/Andhra Pradesh
7. Bijapur Bijapur/Karnataka

Their duties and responsibilities:

 
  1. Seed sales promotional activities
  2. Transfer of improved cotton production technologies to the farmers
    1. Frontline demonstration on production technology and integrated pest management technologies
    2. Farmers’ Field Schools
    3. Organizing seed farms in the popular varieties of cotton as per our requirements
    4. Registering the seed farms under seed certification programme and attending to maintain the genetic purity of the cotton variety by proper monitoring and removal of off-type plants.
    5. Educating the seed farm farmers on contamination free collection and storing of kapas till procurement.
    6. Attend to the procurement of seed cotton from the seed farms by examining the quality of seed cotton (kapas) by paying 10% premium over the prevailing market price.

Seed Multiplication Programme

 

During Summer 2014 and Winter 2014-15 seasons certified seed production was undertaken in the identified progressive farmers fields with well defined procedures based on ‘One Variety – One Village’ concept in village clusters to ensure quality standards.

The procedure followed was the ‘Foundation Seed’ Production from Breeder seed as parental seeds and the ‘Certified seeds’ from ‘Foundation seeds’ for commercial distribution. The certified seeds are being distributed to the cotton farmers for commercial distribution.

Breeder seeds were obtained from the Tamil Nadu Agricultural University (TNAU) and Central Institute for Cotton Research (CICR), Regional Station, Coimbatore for the production of foundation seeds from which the certified seeds are produced.

Seed farm crops of MCU-5, MCU-5 VT, LRA-5166, MCU-7, Supriya, Surabhi and Suraj seeds were grown during the period under report as FS I, FS II and certified stages in Konganapuram, Kumbakonam,  Theni, Rajapalayam, Villupuram and Udumalpet areas.

The certified seed cotton (Kapas) procured from the farmers’ field were pre-cleaned with pre-cleaner and ginned in our ginneries specially designed for seed extraction, so as to avoid admixtures and seed damages.  The processing, cleaning and hand grading of seeds were undertaken at the Seed Processing Unit at Ponneri under the technical supervision of seed technologist.

Each and every seed lot was tested for quality parameters like physical purity, germination percentage and moisture content, so as to ensure quality standards.  These lots were also tested in The Seed Testing Laboratory of the State Seed Certification Department for various quality parameters.  The seed lots passing the qualifying standards of germination and genetic purity in the Government Seed Testing Laboratories and approved by the Seed Certification Department were alone bagged after seed treatment for distribution to the farmers.

Bio-fertilizers and Vermicompost input production and distribution:

 

In order to encourage organic farming, use of biofertilizers and Vermicompost as renewable sources of plant nutrients were widely popularized.

SIMA CD & RA is popularizing “Biorich” with combination of Azospirillum and Phosphobacteria in 50:50 ratios, so as to realize higher estimable productivity with reduced production cost for all agricultural and horticultural crops.

Transfer of Technology

 

Concrete efforts were taken to transfer modern and improved cotton production, productivity and plant protection technologies among cotton farmers by imparting training to the farmers, organizing periodical field visits to identify farm level problems and to advocate relevant location specific and cost effective recommendations. The following farm level practices were followed:

  • Demonstration of high yield varieties and hybrids including approved transgenic cotton (Bt) suited for various agro climatic conditions.
  • Increasing yields, reduce cost of pesticides, production cost and improve the income of cotton growers through Integrated Nutrient Management (INM), Integrated Pest Management (IPM), use of Biofertilizers, Use of Vermicompost, Water Management and inter-cropping system.
  • Promotion of quality consciousness among cotton farmers through improved practices for picking of kapas in fields, its storage and transportation for marketing to market yards.

The advantages of organic farming were highlighted. These technologies were disseminated and implemented at different centres in the States of Tamil Nadu, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh during the period under report.

Co-marketing of Bt cotton

 

Following the decrease in the sales of variety seeds, owing to the fast spread of the Bt cotton throughout the country and also the preference of the farmers towards Bt cotton hybrids, efforts were taken to co-market Bt cotton seeds with the tie-up agreement with the Sub-Licensee (M/s. Kaveri Seed Company Ltd., Hyderabad) of Mahyco Monsanto Bio-tech (India) Ltd, Mumbai.

SIMA CD & RA had successfully made a MoU with Kaveri Seed Co Ltd, Hyderabad for co-marketing their KCH-999 BGII Bt hybrid cotton. The Council has unanimously proposed to name the Bt hybrid cotton as “SIMA GKD” to recognize the valuable contributions made by Sri G.K.Devarajulu as Past Chairman of SIMA and LMW group for the growth of the textile industry in the nation. Sri Sanjay Jayavarthanavelu, Chairman and Managing Director of Lakshmi Machine Works Ltd. gave consent to use the name of Sri GKD as “SIMA GKD” to brand our Bt cotton hybrid. The Hon’ble Union Minister of Textiles, Dr K Sambasiva Rao had formally released SIMA GKD-1 Bt Hybrid cotton seed on 18th January 2014. This had paved way to SIMA CD&RA’s venture into Bt marketing.

In this connection, SIMA CD & RA purchased 5,600 packets of SIMA GKD-1 seeds from Kaveri Seed Co. Ltd and distributed 3,232 packets through farmer/dealer network for sowing during this summer 2014 season and the remaining quantity would be distributed in Winter 2014-15 season.

Grant from Tamil Nadu Government

 

In order to increase the cotton production to the maximum extent possible and narrow down the gap between demand and supply available within the State for cotton lint by the Tamil Nadu textile industry, the Hon’ble Minister for Finance during the Budget Speech held on13.02.2014 for the year 2014-15 announced a project namely, “Tamil Nadu Cotton Cultivation Mission” with an initial outlay of Rs.50 Crores. The objectives of the Mission is to bring 3.70 lakh acres under cotton crop during 2014-15 and ultimately increase it to cover 6 lakh acres in the next five years through this mission and thereby increase the production besides increasing the productivity. With this background, it was programmed to implement the Mission in all the major cotton growing districts by increasing the area under cotton cultivation and promoting integrated crop management practices in rainfed and irrigated area of cotton.

          The major components of the mission are:

  • Area expansion – 10,000 Ha
  • Promoting integrated crop management practices in 4,000 ha of irrigated areas and 6,000 ha in rainfed areas
  • Production and distribution of quality seeds
  • Efficient transfer of technology
  • Development of compact genotypes suitable for high density planting system and mechanized harvest
  • Contract farming in 1,000 ha.

The tentative target set and communicated to SIMA CD & RA during the month of January 2015 for implementation of the Tamil Nadu Cotton Cultivation Mission is given below:

Tentative Target for the year 2014-15
S.No. Components Physical Area (Ha.) Rate of finance Rs.
1 Seed treatment with Trichoderma Viride and application of carrier based biofertilizer 1000 Rs.90/- Ha 90,000
2 Application of Pendimethalin 1000 Rs. 1000/- Ha 10,00,000
3 Intercropping with pulses 1000 Rs. 350/- Ha 3,50,000
4 Distribution of MN Mixture 1000 Rs. 440/- Ha 4,40,000
5 Topping of cotton 1000 Rs. 500/- Ha 5,00,000
6 Distribution of Pheromone trap 1000 Rs. 250/- Ha 2,50,000
7 Production of Foundation seed 1000 (Qtl) Rs. 5000/- Qtl 50,00,000
8 Production of Certified Seed 500 (Qtl) Rs. 2000/- Qtl 10,00,000
9 Spraying of Growth Regulator 1000 Rs.1500/- Ha 15,00,000
10 Spraying of Azadirachtin 1000 Rs.150/- Ha 1,50,000
11 Contingencies     1,25,000
  TOTAL     1,04,05,000

 

 

Target for production of Foundation and Certified seeds for 2014-15

District

Variety

Foundation

Certified

Certified

TOTAL

Summer

Winter

Winter

Area (ac)

Seed (Qtl)

Area (ac)

Seed (Qtl)

Area (ac)

Seed (Qtl)

Area (ac)

Seed (Qtl)

Salem

Surabhi

200

400

 

 

 

 

200

400

Dharmapuri

Surabhi

55

110

 

 

55

110

110

220

Cuddalore

MCU-7

80

200

 

 

 

 

80

200

Cuddalore

MCU-7

 

 

90

230

 

 

90

230

Dindigul

MCU-5 VT

 

 

50

160

 

 

50

160

Dindigul

Supriya

100

180

 

 

 

 

100

180

Thiruvannamalai

Surabhi

55

110

 

 

 

 

55

110

TOTAL

 

490

1000

140

390

55

110

685

1500

Facilities:

Field Plan at Ponneri, Udumalpet

 

SIMA CD & RA established its main functional area at Ponneri, Udumalpet Taluk, 60 kms away from Coimbatore and the total area covered at Ponneri is around 15.36 acres

It consists of

Cultivable area                   =    11.06 acres

Factory and staff quarters    =    4.30 acres

 

The following units are in operation:

  1. Ginning
  2. KAPAS PRECLEANER

     

    Ginning

    Ginning Machinery at PONNERI, Udumalpet.

     

    Ginning Machinery at PONNERI, Udumalpet.

     

    Ginning Machinery at PONNERI, Udumalpet.

     

  3. Seed Processing
  4.  

    SEED FINE CLEANER

     

    SEED FINE CLEANER

     

    SEED SEPERATER

     

    SEED SEPERATER

     

    SEED COATER

     

    SEED COATER

     

    NEEDLE SORTER

     

    NEEDLE SORTER

     

    SEED COATER

     

    SEED TREATER

     

    SEED TREATER

     

  5. Biofertilizer
  6.  

    BIOFERTILIZER LABORATORY

     

    BIOFERTILIZER LABORATORY

     

    BIOFERTILIZER LABORATORY

     

    BIOFERTILIZER LABORATORY

                Autoclave            Shaker

     

     

    BIOFERTILIZER LABORATORY

                Steam Generator            Fermenter